What Are the Legal Requirements for Starting a Food Truck Business in London?

The food truck industry in London is flourishing. The aroma of stunning street food, the efficiency of service, and the ability to turn any location into a potential dining spot make food trucks a popular and desirable choice. Aspiring entrepreneurs are attracted to the business due to its relatively low start-up costs and the flexibility it offers. However, venturing into this business is not as simple as finding a truck and hitting the road.

To operate a food truck business in London, you must consider numerous legal requirements, from registering your business and obtaining health and safety certificates to adhering to local trading laws and acquiring the right equipment. This is why preparing a comprehensive plan and understanding all the necessary steps is crucial.

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Registering Your Food Truck Business

Before you can get your food truck on the road, you must first register your business. In London, food businesses must register with their local authority at least 28 days before trading. This process is usually free.

Once registered, your food truck will be subject to inspections from the Food Standards Agency (FSA). The FSA will evaluate your food hygiene standards and issue your business with a hygiene score. This score will be publicly available, influencing customers’ perceptions of your business.

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You’ll also need to consider the structure of your business. Will it be a sole trader, partnership, or limited company? This decision will impact your liability should the business incur debts or face legal action.

Food Safety and Hygiene

When it comes to catering, food safety and hygiene are paramount. Your food truck business will need to adhere to the Food Safety Act 1990 and Food Hygiene Regulations 2006.

These regulations ensure that the food you sell is safe to eat and that your kitchen practices maintain high standards of cleanliness. You are required to have a documented food safety management system based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP).

In addition to this, you and your staff will need to undertake food hygiene training to ensure you are competent and safe in handling food. This could be a Level 2 Award in Food Safety in Catering, which equips you with the fundamentals of food hygiene.

Trading Laws and Licenses

While the idea of a food truck roaming the streets sounds liberating, you must comply with local trading laws. Most London boroughs require street traders to have a license.

The type of license required will depend on what you plan to sell and where. For example, licenses for selling on public highways are different from those required for private land. You also must consider if you plan to sell alcohol, as you will need an additional license for this.

The cost of a license can vary significantly between different London boroughs. It is therefore crucial to research the specific requirements for your intended trading locations.

Equipment and Safety

The equipment you use in your food truck is subject to safety regulations and needs to comply with the Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994 and the Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998.

This means all your electrical equipment should be CE marked and gas appliances should be installed and maintained by a Gas Safe registered engineer. Regular safety inspections are a must.

Further, you need to consider fire safety. Your food truck is required to have fire-fighting equipment, and you will need a Fire Risk Assessment.


Lastly, like all businesses, food truck businesses need to be insured. There are several types of insurance you should consider, from public liability insurance, which protects you against claims from customers, to vehicle insurance for your food truck.

Also, employer’s liability insurance is a legal requirement if you have any employees. It ensures you can cover the costs if an employee gets sick or injured at work.

Starting a food truck business in London is an exciting venture. It’s a chance to serve up your culinary delights to a city of food lovers. But it’s important to know that alongside your menu planning and truck design, you need to navigate the landscape of legal requirements. By comprehensively understanding these requirements, you can ensure your business operates smoothly and successfully, free from legal issues.

Marketing and Social Media Presence

In this digital age, harnessing the power of social media is essential for any business, and the food truck industry is no exception. While not a legal requirement, having a robust online presence is crucial to the success of your food truck business.

Establishing a solid and intriguing presence on platforms like Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter can give your food truck the upper hand in an increasingly competitive market. These platforms allow you to directly interact with your customers, promote your menu, and inform followers of your location and operating hours.

Additionally, having a website acts as a central hub for your business. It provides an opportunity to showcase your menu, tell your story, and even offer online ordering capabilities. It’s also a good idea to ensure that your site is mobile-friendly since many of your customers will likely check your website or social media pages from their phones.

Another crucial element is online reviews. Encourage your customers to leave reviews on popular platforms such as Google and TripAdvisor. Positive reviews can significantly boost your reputation and attract more customers. Remember to respond to your reviews, both positive and negative, in a professional and timely manner. This demonstrates to prospective customers that you value feedback and are committed to improving your service.

Conclusion: Navigating the Food Truck Industry in London

Indeed, starting a food truck business in London requires more than just an excellent recipe and a well-decorated vehicle. It involves navigating through various legal requirements, from registering your business with the local authority to ensuring your food hygiene standards meet the FSA’s expectations.

Understanding the specifics of insurance, trading laws, and licenses is also vital to operate your business within the legal boundaries. Furthermore, investing in safe and compliant equipment and conducting regular risk assessments contribute to the overall health safety of your food business.

While these legal requirements might seem overwhelming, they are critical in ensuring your business operates smoothly, and your customers are served safe, delicious street food. Remember, thorough preparation and a strong business plan are your best allies on this exciting entrepreneurial journey.

At the same time, remember that the business side is not everything. Being a vibrant part of the food truck community, engaging with customers and other food businesses, and sharing your love for food through social media can indeed make your business shine.

Starting a food truck business in London is not just about selling food; it’s about providing an experience. So go ahead and infuse your unique flavours and personality into your business, and soon, your food truck could be the talk of the town.